The American Civil War was a conflict that pitted the Union of the North against the Confederate States of America in the South. The war lasted from 1861 to 1865 and the Union victory in 1863 marked a significant turning point for the conflict. This was due to the Union’s victory in the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg, which put the North ahead in the war and resulted in the Confederacy losing its two most important sources of supplies and manpower.
1863 Union Victory
The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the American Civil War and was fought in Pennsylvania from July 1st to July 3rd, 1863. It was a Union victory, in which the Union forces were outnumbered but managed to repel the Confederate army. The Union suffered heavy casualties, but the Confederate army was forced to retreat and the Union was able to maintain control of the area.
The Siege of Vicksburg was another major Union victory, as it led to the surrender of the Confederate forces in the city. The Union forces surrounded the city and besieged it for nearly two months before the Confederates surrendered on July 4th, 1863. This victory was crucial for the Union as it resulted in the Confederacy losing two of its most important sources of supplies and manpower.
Turning Point of the War
The Union victories in Gettysburg and Vicksburg marked a significant turning point in the war. The Union had been struggling to gain the upper hand in the war, but these victories enabled them to finally take the initiative and gain momentum. The Union was also able to gain control of the Mississippi River, which was a major supply line for the Confederacy.
The Union victories also gave them the moral upper hand, as the Confederacy had been seen as the dominant force up until this point. The Union was now seen as a powerful and capable force, which led to increased support from the public and the government. This increased support allowed the Union to continue pushing forward and eventually win the war in 1865.
The Union victory in 1863 was a crucial turning point in the American Civil War. It allowed the Union to gain the upper hand in the war and eventually led to their victory in 1865. The Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg were both pivotal moments in the conflict that enabled the Union to gain momentum and take control of the war.